Politieke woordenlijst (Iran, Hezbollah, sjiisme)
As van het kwaad: een woordenlijst
Abbas al-Musawi, Hojjat-ol-Islam Sayyed: Co-founder and second Secretary-General of Hezbollah.
Ali Akbar Mohtashami, Hojjat-ol-Islam: A student of Ayatollah Khomeini who later became.
Ali Akbar Velayati: An Iranian former Minister of Foreign Affairs. He is also a longtime regime insider who serves as a senior foreign policy adviser to SL Khamenei. In 2013, Velayati was selected to lead Iran’s Center for Strategic Research (CSR)
Amal Movement: A Lebanese Shiite organization founded by Moussa al-Sadr, an Iranian-born mullah of Lebanese origin.
AMIA bombing: A terror attack on the Argentine Jewish Mutual Association in Buenos Aires, orchestrated by the Iranian regime. The blast occurred on July 18, 1994, and caused the death of 85 civilians and injured hundreds.
Asa’ib Ahl al-Haq: Shia militia headed by Qais al-Khaz’ali.
CSR: Center for Strategic Research. A think tank closely associated with Iran’s Expediency Council.
Dahieh/Dahiyeh: Arabic for suburb. In the Lebanese context, it is the metonym for the southern suburbs of Beirut and the so-called capital of Hezbollah.
Expediency Council: A powerful Iranian ruling body that reports directly to SL Khamenei.
Hafez al-Assad: President of Syria from September 12, 1971, until his death on June 10, 2000.
ambassador to Syria. Played a critical role in the emergence of Hezbollah.
Hassan Nasrallah, Hojjat-ol-Islam Sayyed: Hassan Nasrallah, the head of Hezbollah.
Hassan Rouhani, Hojat-ol-Islam: An Iranian regime insider. Elected President of Iran in 2013.
Hussein-Ali Montazeri, Grand Ayatollah: A former close associate of Ayatollah Khomeini. In November 1985, Iran’s Assembly of Experts chose Montazeri as the successor-designate of Khomeini. In 1989, only months before his death, Khomeini dismissed Montazeri from his position as successor.
Imad Mughniyeh: Co-founder of Hezbollah and military commander in the terror organization.
Liwa Abu al-Fadl al-Abbas: A pro-Assad Iraqi Shiite militia fighting in Syria against the rebels.
LMI: Liberation Movement of Iran.
Mir Hussein Moussavi: Former prime minister of Iran. Major opposition figure in the 2009 Green Revolution.
Mohammed Jaafar Mahallati: Former representative of Iran at the United Nations.
Mohammed Javad Larijani: TBC
Mohammad Saleh Hosseini: A founding member of the IRGC. Assassinated in Beirut
Mohammad Yazbek, Sheikh: Head of Hezbollah’s Shar’i (religious authority) Committee. He is the official representative of Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei in Lebanon.
Mostafa Chamran: LMI leader, served as defense minister after the fall of the shah. He was killed in mysterious circumstances in June 1981 during the war with Iraq.
Mykonos restaurant assassinations: A terror attack in Berlin that killed several Iranian Kurdish opposition leaders and their translator on 17 September 1992.
Nusayriyah: Also known as Alawites. An offshoot of Shiite Islam. Considered heretics by the Sunnis and most Shiites.
OLM: Office of Liberation Movements.
Pasdaran: Persian for guards. It’s a metonym for the Islamic/Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC).
Qais al-Khaz’ali, Sheikh: Leader of Asa’ib Ahl al-Haq.
Quds Force: Overseas operations arm of the Pasdaran.
Ruhollah Khomeini, Grand Ayatollah Seyed: Founder of the Islamic Republic in Iran.
Salman Rushdie: An Indian British author who wrote a book offensive to Islam. Khomeini issued an edict ordering his killing wherever he is found. Khomeini’s move is considered political to assert his status as a universal leader.
Sayyed, Seyed, Syed: Arabic for “master.” Among the Shiites, “Sayyed” is an honorary title used by the descendants of Lady Fatimah az-Zahra, particularly mullahs and devout individuals. Many use it to distinguish themselves. In India and Pakistan, it became part of the sub-continent’s caste system, where it is used by false descendants of Lady Fatimah.
Wiam Wahhab: A Lebanese Druze and former minister environment. He is a highly controversial personality and well-known as the very loud mouthpiece of Hezbollah and the Assad regime. At times, quite funny and entertaining. Find him on Twitter:@WiamWahhab.
- Generally, the spelling of names follows those used by Wikipedia.
- Names of individuals are ordered alphabetically, by first name.
- Titles of individuals are placed after their names.
- TBC: To be completed.
Sources include, by author’s surname, in alphabetical order:
- The Secret History of Hezbollah, by Badran, Tony @AcrossTheBay
- Hezbollah Watch, by @HezbollahWatch
- New Iranian Foreign Policy Head ‘Approved’ 1994 Terror Bombing, by Kredo, Adam @Kredo0
- Khomeini Urges Muslims to Kill Author of Novel, by Rule, Sheila
- Montazeri, Khomeini’s Designated Successor in Iran, Quits Under Pressure, by Sciolino, Elaine @ElaineSciolino
- Wikipedia, You? @Wikipedia